In Ancient Egypt, the golden yellow topaz was a symbol of Ra, the god of the sun. Many amulets feature this precious gem. In their turn, people in Ancient Greece believed that topaz could make them invisible.
In India, it was common to wear topaz near the heart for a better life, look, and mental abilities.
According to the legends, topaz has the power to dissipate bewitchment. That’s because the gemstone itself casts a spell on you! And to prove this belief, mystics showed how topaz cools bowling water instantly.
In medieval times, the cocktail made of topaz powder and wine was taken for better sleep and asthma treatment. Besides, seeing this birthstone in a dream means that your sharp problem will soon be solved. Also, the gemstone is powerful enough to prevent death. With such incredible abilities, royals and clerics became big fans of topaz.
Naturally, topaz is colorless. At the same time, it almost always contains impurities of a different amount, painting this gemstone in any shade of a rainbow. In this line, the blue color is a special case: it’s very rare in nature. So, people learned to achieve it artificially by applying heat and irradiation on a colorless gemstone. Once discovered, this method increased the previously rare supply of topaz of deep blue hue dramatically.
Among the key powers of topaz, it promises love, affection, intelligence, patience, and empowerment to its owner. In addition, this November birthstone allays anger, cures depression, and boosts efficiency. Some people even used this gemstone to treat fever! Finally, dropping yellow topaz in wine for three days and then putting this liquid on the eyes was believed to improve eyesight.
The fanciest topaz is titled Imperial. This is a gemstone of intense orange color with a pink hint. Once discovered, Imperial Topaz was taken for a red crystal. Soon, it became a favorite gemstone for Russian Tsars. They even claimed ownership over Imperial Topaz, being fallen in love with its unusual glassy brilliance.
One of the most famous topazes is “Blaze Imperial Topaz” of 97.45-carat weight. It’s kept in the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago now. Another example is Braganza Diamond – the jewel that was considered as a diamond till 1680. Also, the most recognizable yellow topaz was the part of the Portuguese crown. The largest cut topaz ever was found in Brazil. It has a yellow color and 4.5785kg of weight. It took the entire two years to cut and polish this topaz! These days, it is saved in the Natural History Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC.
Kate Middleton is a celebrity admirer of earrings that feature topaz. She even wears them on her engagement photos with Prince William.
Mining of topaz generally happens in magmatic rocks and hydrothermal veins in many countries. The most popular place to find a high-quality topaz of all the varieties is Minas Gerais, the mine in Brazil. It stores many traditional yellow topazes that can later gain colder hue. In its turn, Pakistan is the birthplace for red and pink topazes. Also, the gemstone is mined Sri Lanka, Australia, and Nigeria. In the U.S., there is an entire Topaz Mountain! Finally, Russia and Brazil are the countries where you can find Imperial Topaz.