The earliest diamond reference dates back to 4 BC. Even then, people realized how valuable the newly found gem is – they recognized it needed to be formed under the hard pressure of Earth’s crust and mined once ready. It became a gemstone in India immediately, coveted by nobility and the riches.
Ancient people were so impressed by the sparkling of a diamond birthstone that claimed it’s a terrestrial lighting. Alternatively, they believed diamonds are the tears of god.
In Roman mythology, Cupid, the god of love, had arrows tipped with diamonds. Since then, diamonds are associated with romantic love and romance.
The heavy trading of diamonds started in the 15th century. It happened when Venice masters learned how to cut it, and East opened the trade routes. Before that, only grand people enjoyed diamonds.
Archduke Maximillian of Austria started the tradition of gifting diamonds in an engagement ring. In 1477, Mary of Burgundy became the first owner of this special diamond jewelry.
Diamonds have healing powers in three dimensions: emotional, physical, and physiological. They are known as energy intensifiers – so, the circumstances in which a diamond is put and the stone pair with which it matches in jewelry really matter. The jewel will multiply everything, no matter if it’s good or bad. Reportedly, taking a diamond to the bed can unburden your body from toxins. Other important qualities April birthstone restores are lucidity, harmony, and wealth.
One of the most renowned representatives of April birthstone is Hope Diamond. This jewel of 45.52 carat became the movie star, adding drama to the famous “Titanic” story. Another top-ranked diamond is Cullinan, being the largest rough diamond ever found. In carat terms, its weight before cutting was 3106 carat. To compare this tremendous number, the second-largest rough diamond, The Excelsior, weighted 995.2 carats.
The mining of diamonds has experienced dramatic changes over time. First, India held a monopoly on diamond supply. Later, this role went over to Brazil (in the 18th century) and South Africa (in the 19th century). These days, the biggest diamond mines are situated in Russia, Botswana, Australia, Canada, and South Africa. Nevertheless, the situation may change any time – with famous diamond mines that become closed (like Argyle mine in Australia) or newly opened (like the freshly discovered Canadian mines).