Fishing pearls started near 3000 BCE in the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar (the place between India and Sri Lanka). Later on, Spanish conquistadors revealed many pearls near Mexico, Central America, and Venezuela.
In Persia, people thought that a pearl is a tear of God, while in ancient China, it was called a child of the Moon. In myths, pearls appeared as the teardrops of Moon that fell into the sea.
Pearls symbolize innocence, humbleness, wisdom, charity, and virginity. These simple and pure precious stones are the great wedding gift for brides born in June. According to Greek mythology, receiving pearl jewelry will prevent them from crying and grant happiness in their future married life.
The jewels were widely used in medicine to treat the cases of upset stomach and blood strokes. In the 19th century, the powder from pearls was used to improve eyesight, quite nerves, and facilitate a depressive state. These days, cosmetics brands still use pearls to rejuvenate skin.
The saltwater pearls are the exemplary jewels with a creamy white color and ideally delicate round shape. That`s why pearls generally turned into one of the most valued gemstones.
The most popular reference of pearl in art is the well-known picture of Johannes Vermeer titled Girl with a Pearl Earring.
The most famous pearl, La Peregrina, has over 50-carat weight. That’s the gift from Richard Burton to Elizabeth Taylor, lately estimated within a necklace during Christie’s New York auction in $11.8 million.
When it comes to getting pearls, the industry has established certain rules. Freshwater pearls are rare and placed in China mostly. Centuries of fishing devastated the natural pearl beds, so people have turned to cultured pearl implantation. These days, pearl birthstone is available in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. Saltwater cultivated pearl farms appear in the waters of Japan, China, Australia, Indonesia, Philippines, The Gambier Islands, and Tuamotu Archipelago. So now, anybody can satisfy willingness to have marvelous jewelry featuring either a freshwater pearl (if you want something rare and truly worthy) or a cultured pearl (if you simply fancy pearls and want to get earrings with your June birthstone).