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Demystifying the 4cs of Diamonds (Cut, Color, Clarity & Carat Weight)

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As you start to contemplate the purchase of your engagement ring, you may begin to wonder why there are so many different gems and metals to choose from. What about those letters at the beginning and the end of each word? What does ‘blue' have to do with a diamond? These are some of the many questions you may be facing as a future bride-to-be. Well, I'm here to tell you that this is pretty straight forward. The cut of your diamond will determine how much sparkle and brilliance it has as well as how much it will cost. A poorly cut stone will lose a significant portion of its original mass and will produce less fire (diamond's equivalent of attractiveness). The color grade is given by comparing the stone's color next to that of a master stone. A difference in color greater than one grade requires special handling in order for it not to be noticeable to its potential buyers. The clarity grade is given by comparing the stone through a 10x magnifier which can spot tiny imperfections called “inclusions” or “impurities”. They are considered blemishes that make certain gemstones less desirable.

If you decide to buy diamonds as a gift for someone, you'll encounter a number of terms. Aside from the 4cs, there is also an additional grade called the cut grade, which can help you determine what type of diamond is right for you. In this blog post, we will focus on each of the 4cs and teach you how to determine which one is most important when buying diamonds.

Cut

The term "cut" refers to the proportions and precision of a diamond's shape. It also refers to its polish and symmetry, both of which affect how light travels within a diamond. The cut grade is determined by comparing the proportions of the stone against industry standards for ideal symmetry and finish. Cut grades range from Excellent to Poor with Very Good being the most common grade for diamonds in engagement rings.

Color

The color grade indicates how much hue (blue or yellow) or saturation (intensity) a diamond has when compared to other diamonds of similar price and cut quality. The color scale ranges from D - Z with D being the highest color grade achievable while Z is reserved for diamonds that have been treated with heat or irradiated to artificially enhance their color. Most people don't notice any difference in appearance between diamonds graded G-J so this is what we suggest looking for when shopping for an engagement ring.

Clarity

Clarity refers to the number and appearance of inclusions within a diamond. Inclusions are internal flaws that can affect the overall quality of the stone. The fewer inclusions, the better! If possible, choose a diamond with no inclusions visible to the naked eye (VVS1 & VS1).

Carat

Carat is about the different grades of diamonds and how to determine which one to buy.

Carat relates to the weight of a diamond, not its size. A one-carat diamond will always be exactly twice as big in diameter as a half-carat diamond.

The most common way of measuring carat is by milligrams, with a 100 points equal to 1 carat (C). So a 0.50 C weight would be 50/100 = 0.5 g.

The weight of a diamond is not important for its beauty or value but it does affect its durability and price. A larger diamond will be more durable and can withstand impact better than a smaller one which could lead to chipping or cracking.

What is the "best" grade I should be looking for in each of the 4cs?

Diamonds are the world's most popular gemstone, and for good reason. They're beautiful, versatile and come in an array of colors. But with so many different styles to choose from, how do you know what style is best for you?

For centuries, the 4cs have been used to evaluate diamonds: cut, color, clarity and carat weight. While these factors are all important when buying a diamond, some people find it difficult to understand exactly what each of these terms mean and what they should look for when buying a diamond.

What is "best"?

The best grade for each of the 4cs depends on your personal preference. For example, if you want a very large diamond that will shine brightly on its own (without being set in a ring), then you'll want to focus on clarity and color rather than cut or carat weight. If you're looking for something more subtle that will complement other jewelry pieces in your collection without overpowering them, then cut and color are two things you'll want to consider more closely.

Ultimately,when choosing a diamond it's about finding one that speaks to you, so you can focus on those characteristics that are most flattering to your style. Remember that the 4cs are important but should be prioritized by the individual shopper. When looking for a diamond, your best approach is to understand the different features of each characteristic and how they will impact the value of your diamond before making a decision. Also consider if you're planning to re-sell or donate your diamond in the future, as this will change how much you're able to pay for it in the first place.

Bonus!

Sell your diamonds with ease with Diamond Registry’s comprehensive approach and vast global industry connections to help you find the best buyer for your diamond fast. Visit www.diamondregistry.com/sell-your-ring to take your first step to fast, easy and reliable way of selling your diamond.

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