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世界頂級鑽石生產國

Updated on 27 5 月, 2024

With over 40 years of expertise, Diamond Registry’s CEO and owner, Nissan Perla, is your trusted guide in the diamond-buying world. Recognized by prestigious publications like The Washington Post and Chicago Tribune, Nissan’s extensive knowledge and experience in evaluating, buying, and selling diamonds are unparalleled. Our commitment to integrity, transparency, and delivering exceptional value ensures that you make an informed decision when acquiring your timeless treasure. Choose Diamond Registry for personalized guidance, education, and a curated selection of the finest quality diamonds, backed by decades of industry expertise and dedication to your satisfaction.

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Published on 22 2 月, 2024
Updated on 27 5 月, 2024

乍一看,鑽石業務似乎有一條短而直接的生產鏈。開採鑽石是第一步,其次是交易原材料、拋光鑽石,然後將其作為投資鑽石出售。但實際上,程序要復雜得多。一些國家擁有礦山,而另一些國家則擁有處理原鑽的財力、高科技設備和經驗。即使在其境內沒有礦山,這些國家也成為真正的製造業中心。另一方面,一些國家同時擁有礦山和鑽石加工能力。事實上,兩者之間的界限並不總是很明顯,而且到處都有重疊。正如本系列文章將展示的那樣,全球經濟體係也在界定不同領域的責任方面發揮著作用。

What makes us your trusted partner

With over 40 years of expertise, Diamond Registry’s CEO and owner, Nissan Perla, is your trusted guide in the diamond-buying world. Recognized by prestigious publications like The Washington Post and Chicago Tribune, Nissan’s extensive knowledge and experience in evaluating, buying, and selling diamonds are unparalleled. Our commitment to integrity, transparency, and delivering exceptional value ensures that you make an informed decision when acquiring your timeless treasure. Choose Diamond Registry for personalized guidance, education, and a curated selection of the finest quality diamonds, backed by decades of industry expertise and dedication to your satisfaction.

鑽石生產國是發現和生產鑽石的國家。北帶和南帶是環繞地球的兩個主要帶。第三個中間帶也包括鑽石,但數量較少且價值較低。俄羅斯和加拿大是世界上最大的兩個鑽石生產國,屬於北方帶。南部非洲國家,如博茨瓦納、南非和納米比亞,以及澳大利亞,組成了南部樂隊。非洲的科特迪瓦和塞拉利昂,以及南美洲的委內瑞拉和巴西,構成了中間地帶。

俄羅斯

據說俄羅斯擁有世界上最大和最豐富的鑽石儲量。按數量計算,它們是世界上最大的毛坯鑽石生產商和出口商。俄羅斯鑽石礦商在 2014 年開采了 38-3900 萬克拉鑽石。ALROSA 是該國最大的鑽石礦商,幾乎壟斷了該行業,佔該國年產量的 90% 以上。在俄羅斯的礦山中發現了不同形狀和大小的鑽石。它們的發光是眾所周知的,它們的晶體形狀也是眾所周知的:具有八個刻面的鋒利鑽石。許多俄羅斯礦山也生產黃色鑽石。

博茨瓦納

博茨瓦納在價值方面是世界上最大的鑽石生產國,在數量方面排名第二。戴比爾斯的總部和公司目前大部分產品的來源都在這裡。博茨瓦納 2013 年生產了 2320 萬克拉,2013 年價值 36.3 億美元。該國擁有七個礦山,其中最著名的是 Orapa 和 Jwaneng。戴比爾斯公司使用這兩種礦山。 Lucara 和 Kimberley Diamonds 是這個非洲國家的另外兩個參與者。在博茨瓦納可以找到各種各樣的鑽石形狀和顏色。這些鑽石大多品位良好,呈十二面體形狀。

剛果民主共和國

儘管剛果民主共和國是非洲最大的鑽石生產國,但有關產量的信息仍然很少。儘管近年來產量急劇下降,但剛果民主共和國作為鑽石開採國的歷史悠久,現在是第三大鑽石生產國。非正規部門,而不是礦業公司,開采了剛果民主共和國的大部分產出。據估計,大約有 700,000 名手工鑽石礦工在該國的沖積礦中工作。 Miniere de Bakwange 是比利時 Sibeka 公司與剛果民主共和國政府的合資企業,是該國唯一的商業鑽石生產商。 De Beers 擁有 Sibeka 20% 的股權,銷售該公司大約三分之一的產品。與其他礦山相比,MIBA 生產的鑽石質量較低。在其他地區,也出土了高品質的白鑽。

澳大利亞

澳大利亞是鑽石行業的主要參與者,因為它是世界上最大的彩色鑽石生產國。澳大利亞以其粉紅色、紫色和紅色鑽石而聞名,並生產一些世界上最好的黃色鑽石。該國生產的大多數鑽石顏色和淨度都很低。力拓擁有並經營澳大利亞最大的鑽石礦 Argyle。 Argyle 是一個產量很高的礦山,每年產量超過 1200 萬克拉,僅次於博茨瓦納的 Orapa。經過幾年的艱苦努力,該礦現已轉為地下作業。 Ellendale 和 Merlin 是澳大利亞的另外兩個礦山,後者現在處於加速階段。 Argyle 礦成為世界上最大的天然彩色鑽石生產商,特別是 Argyle 粉紅色和紅色鑽石,它們極為罕見且價值不菲。另一方面,採礦活動於 2020 年 11 月結束。

加拿大

在整個 20 世紀,大多數人都不會認為加拿大是主要的鑽石生產國。兩位有著堅定信念的遠見者將加拿大列入毛坯鑽石生產國的地圖。 1991 年,在耶洛奈夫以北約 200 公里的西北地區,查克·菲普克 (Chuck Fipke) 和斯圖爾特·布魯森 (Stewart Blossom) 發現了含有鑽石的金伯利岩管的證據。加拿大現在是世界領先的鑽石生產國之一。 Diavik、Ekati、Snap Lake 和 Victor 是加拿大四個運營中的鑽石礦。 Ekati 是該國第一個運營的鑽石礦。 Dominion Diamonds 擁有並經營這一重要資源,提供多種商品。加拿大出土的大部分鑽石都是無色且質量上乘的。

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Nissan Perla

Nissan Perla has over 40 years in the diamond industry and is the CEO and Owner of Diamond Registry since 1979. Nissan is recognized as one of the talented experts in the diamond world and has been mentioned in publications such as The Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, The Time Out, Sassy HK, and more.

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Rebecca Schott
Rebecca Schott
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Nissan, David and his team were extremely accommodating, understanding and patient with our purchase. They took the upmost care to find the best solution for our needs and went above and beyond normal ‘customer service’ standards. I have absolutely no qualms recommending their products and services. Both were absolutely flawless. I will continue to sing them praises and will most definitely purchase from them again in the future. Thank you again!
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Gershom Menachem
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Great team of diamond experts who show personal care for the client’s needs and aftersales service. They really go the extra mile to make it happen no matter the challenges ahead. Rush orders, international shipping, upgrade service, jewelry repair, large diamonds, small items, precious stones. Very honest and open information to the clients. You will feel like talking to a friend.
Thom P.
Thom P.
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Bought a beautiful stone here for an engagement ring. I was a little apprehensive since you’re buying something unseen. But Cid made it easy. In fact, Nissan, the owner also gave a call to make me more comfortable. They sent me the stone to take to a local jeweler with only my Amex in case I bailed on them.
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